As a radical approach to life-cycle assessment, Cradle to Cradle was brought forward with the book of the same name by McDonough & Braungart in 2010. It takes nature as a model for product development and suggests the development of closed-loop industrial cycles of biological and technical nutrients, without downcycling them. Cradle to Cradle approach heavily influenced the development of the Circular Economy concept, especially visible in the Butterfly Diagram.

Creator: William McDonough & Michael Braungart Year: 2010

External Links:

  1. Cradle to Cradle: Remaking the Way We Make Things [Book]
  2. C2C Certification 
  3. Cradle to Cradle Toolkit [requires sign-up]

Reference# 01.03.01

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